抗议者要求重组黎巴嫩政府
Lebanon a ‘Beautiful Idea’ in Need of a Remake, Say Protestors

抗议者要求重组黎巴嫩政府

Lebanon a ‘Beautiful Idea’ in Need of a Remake, Say Protestors

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抗议者要求重组黎巴嫩政府

Lebanon a ‘Beautiful Idea’ in Need of a Remake, Say Protestors

2019-11-20

持续三个星期的反政府抗议活动震撼了黎巴嫩,这导致总理萨阿德·哈里里辞职。


黎巴嫩的贝鲁特市似乎是优雅与成功的写照。
The city of Beirut in Lebanon appears to be a picture of elegance and success.

有出售昂贵商品的法国商店,有昂贵的酒店,街道上到处都是进口车。
It has French stores selling costly goods, pricey hotels and its streets are filled with imported cars.

但它也是一个与不平等、崩溃的公共服务和高失业率作斗争的国家。
But it is also a nation struggling with inequality, collapsing public services and high unemployment.

持续三个星期的反政府抗议活动震撼了这个国家,这导致总理萨阿德·哈里里辞职。
Three weeks of anti-government protests have left the country shaken and have resulted in the resignation of Prime Minister Saad Hariri.

亚拉·塞勒姆说:“黎巴嫩是个美丽的地方。
“Lebanon is a beautiful idea,” said Yara Salem.

她是一名25岁的学生,每天都在烈士广场的抗议营。
She is a 25-year-old student who spends her days at the protest camp in Martyrs’ Square.

营地离贝鲁特最昂贵的酒店之一勒格雷只有几米远。
The camp is only a few meters from the doors of Le Grey, one of Beirut’s most costly hotels.

“你以为你在巴黎,但你走到那里就会发现街上的人都奄奄一息,”她说。
“You think you’re in Paris, but you go over there, and people are dying on the streets,” she said.

她说的是这个城市的贫困程度。
She was talking about the levels of poverty that exist in the city.

塞勒姆称这些抗议活动是一场革命,因为他们把成千上万的黎巴嫩人带到街头。
Salem called the protests a revolution because they have brought hundreds of thousands of Lebanese people into the streets.

但是,她说,除非把统治精英完全赶下台,否则抗议活动将是失败的。
But, she said, the protests will be a failure unless the ruling elite are removed from power completely.

她说,1990年,这个国家结束了长达15年的内战,但是国家领导人并没有真正改变。
The country’s 15-year-old civil war ended in 1990, but the names of those who run the country have not really changed, she said.

抗议者不相信他们可以建立一个更强大的经济体或更美好的未来。
The protestors do not believe they can build a stronger economy or a better future.

“30年来都是同一群人在统治这个国家,”她说。
“It’s been the same people for 30 years,” she said.

她补充说,她父母那一代已经失去了对政治的信仰,但年轻人仍然相信改变是可能的。
She added that her parents’ generation had lost its belief in politics, but the young still believe change is possible.

她说:“这场革命的主要目的是为穷人做些事情——就业、服务和教育。”
“The main point of this revolution is to do something for the poor - jobs, services, education,” she said.

有许多理由怀疑黎巴嫩是如何能够维持这么长时间的。
There are many reasons to wonder how Lebanon has been able to hold itself together for so long.

因为有18个官方承认的教派组织,所以很难达成政治协议。
With 18 officially recognized sectarian groups, it has been difficult to reach political agreement.

不断变化的忠诚让人很难做出决策。
Changing loyalties make decisions nearly impossible.

腐败涉及到由大家族控制的商业和政治。
Corruption touches business and politics, which are controlled by large families.

研究机构The World Inequality Database认为,黎巴嫩是世界上最不平等的国家之一。
The World Inequality Database, a research group, considers Lebanon one of the most unequal countries in the world.

1%富有的人占了将近25%的国民收入,而最贫穷的人占了10%。
The richest one percent of its people account for almost 25 percent of the national income while the poorest account for 10 percent.

贝鲁特的商店里满是只有富人才能买到的商品。
Beirut stores are filled with goods that can only be bought by the wealthy.

然而经济并没有增长,债务是国内生产总值的150%,35岁以下人群的失业率接近40%。
Yet the economy is not growing, debt is at 150 percent of gross domestic product and unemployment among people who are under age 35 is nearing 40 percent.

贾马尔·雷丹说:“没有工作,没有服务,学校也不好。”
“There’s no work, there are no services, the schools are not good,” said Jamal Raydan.

他是德鲁士的一名抗议者,和黎巴嫩德鲁士的主要政治家瓦利德·琼布拉特来自同一个城镇。
He is a Druze protester from the same town as Walid Jumblatt, Lebanon’s leading Druze politician.

雷丹曾是会计,但已经四年没工作了。
Raydan studied to be an accountant, but has not worked in four years.

他向朱布拉特求助,但没有得到任何帮助。
He asked Jumblatt for help, but did not receive any.

他认为黎巴嫩的政治体制是失败的。
He has decided that Lebanon’s political system is a failure.

“这让我很愤怒,”他说。
“It makes me angry,” he said.

他说:“黎巴嫩应该是国民的母亲。
“Lebanon should be like a mother to all its people,” he said.

“相反,他们把她变成了一个坏女人。”
“Instead they have turned her into a bad woman.”

苏珊·尚德为您播报。
I’m Susan Shand.