挽救山林大猩猩数量见成效
Efforts to Save Mountain Gorillas Show Signs of Progress

挽救山林大猩猩数量见成效

Efforts to Save Mountain Gorillas Show Signs of Progress

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挽救山林大猩猩数量见成效

Efforts to Save Mountain Gorillas Show Signs of Progress

2019-11-18

帕托19岁了,是一只银背大猩猩。他走路的时候,会把自己的胳膊和腿朝向一只婴儿猩猩麦希比里。帕托挨着麦希比里坐,用自己长长的手指穿过麦希比里的毛发。


帕托19岁了,是一只银背大猩猩。他走路的时候,会把自己的胳膊和腿朝向一只婴儿猩猩麦希比里。
Pato, a 19-year-old silverback gorilla, walked using his arms and legs toward an infant gorilla, Macibiri.

帕托挨着麦希比里坐,用自己长长的手指穿过麦希比里的毛发。
Pato sat beside her and ran his long fingers through her fur.

帕托在寻找麦希比里闪亮的黑色毛发里是否有虫子等东西存在。
He was looking for insects or other things caught in her shiny black coat.

帕托低声哼哼着什么。
He made a low hum.

生物学家让·保罗说,并不是每一只银背大猩猩都会这样做,不是每一只银背大猩猩都会关注婴儿猩猩的。
Not every silverback will do that, will pay attention to the infants, says biologist Jean Paul Hirwa.

他的举动表明了他的个性特征。
That shows his personality.

保罗说这番话时正在卢旺达的火山国家公园里,跟美联社的记者说着话。
Hirwa made the comment in the forests of Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park while speaking to reporters from the Associated Press.

保罗是安弗西大猩猩基金会的成员,这是一个保护性的非营利组织。
He works for the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, a conservation nonprofit group.

山林中大猩猩的数量已经从10年前的680只上升到了现在的1000多只。
The number of mountain gorillas has risen from 680 a decade ago to just over 1,000 today.

大猩猩主要分布在2个地区,包括刚果、乌干达、卢旺达境内的一些火山。
Their population is split between two areas, including volcanoes within Congo, Uganda and Rwanda.

山林里大猩猩依然很脆弱,生物学家、大猩猩专家乔治·沙勒如是说道。
The population of mountain gorillas is still vulnerable, says George Schaller, a biologist and gorilla expert.

但它们的数量现在在增加,这是很棒的一件事。
But their numbers are now growing, and that’s remarkable.

在火山国家公园,每次访问团的数量最高只能是8人,每次参观大猩猩只能1小时。
Within Volcanoes National Park, groups are limited to eight people at a time, with only an hour spent watching gorillas.

每天游客的数量是有上限的,价格也很高——每次参观都需要1500美元。
The number of tourists each day is limited, and the price is high: $1,500 per visit.

就旅游业的压力一直都是不要过度消耗自然,迪尔克·拜勒如是说道。
With tourism, the tension is always not to overexploit, says Dirck Byler.

拜勒是非营利组织全球野生动物保育机构负责保护大猩猩分部的负责人。
He is great ape conservation director at the nonprofit Global Wildlife Conservation.

该组织没有参与卢旺达的大猩猩保护项目。
The group is not involved in the Rwanda gorilla project.

拜勒说,在卢旺达,目前为止,大家都谨小慎微,而这样做真的有效果。
Byler said, In Rwanda, so far they’re careful, and it’s working.

2005年,卢旺达政府采用了一个方案——从火山国家公园旅游业的收入中拨出5%的资金。
In 2005, the Rwandan government adopted a plan to take five percent of tourism income from Volcanoes National Park.

卢旺达政府用这笔资金来帮助附近的村庄。
It used the money to help surrounding villages.

2年前,这个数字增长到了10%。
Two years ago, that number increased to 10 percent.

目前为止,大概200万美元投入到了村庄的各个项目经费中,主公园规划师普罗斯珀如是说道。
So far, about $2 million has gone into paying for village projects, chief park warden Prosper Uwingeli says.

他还说,每年,我们都会跟一些社群见面。
Every year, we meet with the communities, he says.

我们必须要有所回馈才行。
We have to give back.