通过特朗普电话门事件小议whistleblower的意思
What ’Whistleblower’ Means

通过特朗普电话门事件小议whistleblower的意思

What ’Whistleblower’ Means

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通过特朗普电话门事件小议whistleblower的意思

What ’Whistleblower’ Means

2019-11-15

Whistleblower是什么意思呢?这个单词听起来的意思像是一个人一个人在指挥游戏或者一名警官指挥交通。这些人通常都拿着叫口哨的设备,往口哨里吹气的时候,口哨会发出很大的声响。


Whistleblower是什么意思呢?
What is a whistleblower?

这个单词听起来的意思像是一个人一个人在指挥游戏或者一名警官指挥交通。
The word sounds like it means a person directing a game, or a police officer directing traffic.

这些人通常都拿着叫口哨的设备,往口哨里吹气的时候,口哨会发出很大的声响。
Those people often has a device called a whistle, which makes a loud sound when you blow air through it.

口哨的声音通常都表征着某人违反了规则。
The sound of the whistle is usually a sign that someone has violated a rule.

不过,“blow the whistle”也有一个意思是告诉警察、记者、官员一直秘而不宣的事情——比如可能的犯罪行为。
But, “blow the whistle” can also mean to tell police, reporters or officials about something that has been kept secret -- like a possible crime.

Whistleblower(告发者)还有一个正式的意思是:有人揭露了坏事,目的是阻止坏事继续发生。
Whistleblower is an official term that means someone who exposes wrongdoing with an aim to put a stop to it.

历史上的whistleblower意义重大,他们阻止了政府腐败和滥用职权的行为。
Historically, whistleblowers have done an important job in stopping government corruption and abuse.

美国法律规定要为这样的人提供合法的保护。
Whistleblowers enjoy legal protections under U.S. laws.

国会议员们支持这种行为是为了限制政府中浪费、说谎、滥用职权的行为。
Members of Congress support whistleblowing in order to limit waste, lying and abuse or misuse of power in government.

议员们找到了一些办法,让政府公务员正式承认自己做错了事。
Lawmakers have created ways for government workers to make official declarations of wrongdoing.

Whistleblower可以将报告递交给有权力处理的人,或者直接递交给议员。
Whistleblowers can take their reports to someone empowered to deal with them, or directly to a lawmaker.

国会还会保护whistleblower,保护的方式是确保他们的监察人不会打击他们。
Congress also protects whistleblowers by making sure their supervisors do not take action against them.

20世纪90年代以及21世纪初,国会通过了几项额外的法律,想要敦促那些为情报组织工作的人要汇报“有紧急关切”的问题。
In the 1990s and early 2000s, Congress passed additional laws to urge people who work for intelligence groups to report issues of “urgent concern.”

如果汇报的问题被认定为严重问题,那么就必须汇报给国会。
If the issue is believed to be serious, it must be reported to Congress.

现在,whistleblower的身份是不对外公开的。
The current whistleblower’s identity has not been made public.

但特朗普曾多次提到告发他的人曾为奥巴马政府效过力。
But Trump has repeatedly suggested it is a man who worked for the Obama administration.

特朗普称这个告发者为“叛国贼”,理应严肃处理。
Trump has called the whistleblower a “traitor” who deserves to be dealt with severely.

律师马克·柴德周日发推文称,众议院情报委员会的共和党高层可以问问题,然后告发者可以用书面的形式来回复。
Lawyer Mark Zaid tweeted Sunday that the top Republican on the House Intelligence Committee could ask questions, which the whistleblower would answer in writing.

周一,特朗普在社交媒体上表示,书面回复还不够好。
The president said on social media Monday that written answers are not good enough.

特朗普发推文称,我跟乌克兰总统的通话内容‘无可指摘’。
What I said on the phone call with the Ukrainian President is ‘perfectly’ stated, Trump tweeted.

没有任何理由可以叫证人来分析我说的话和我的意思,特朗普这样说道。
There is no reason to call witnesses to analyze my words and meaning, he said.

卡迪·韦弗为您播报。
I’m Caty Weaver.