乔治·奥威尔展览纪念“双重讲话”遗产
George Orwell Show Honors ‘Doublespeak’ Legacy

乔治·奥威尔展览纪念“双重讲话”遗产

George Orwell Show Honors ‘Doublespeak’ Legacy

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乔治·奥威尔展览纪念“双重讲话”遗产

George Orwell Show Honors ‘Doublespeak’ Legacy

2019-11-09

正在美国新墨西哥州举办的一场新展览让游客们想起乔治·奥威尔在其作品《1984》中虚构的世界。奥威尔于1949年创作这部小说,旨在警告人们他们未来可能会面对的世界。


正在美国新墨西哥州举办的一场新展览让游客们想起乔治·奥威尔在其作品《1984》中虚构的世界。
A new show in the American state of New Mexico is reminding visitors of the world George Orwell imagined in his book 1984.

奥威尔于1949年创作这部小说,旨在警告人们他们未来可能会面对的世界。
Orwell wrote it in 1949 to warn people of their possible future.

故事中,政府通过宣传控制人口。
In the story, the government controls the population with propaganda.

上层领导极端专制,传达的每条消息都颠倒事实。
Every message from the extremely repressive leadership reverses the truth.

例如,官员们反复说“战争即和平”以及“自由即奴役”。
Officials repeat “war is peace” and “freedom is slavery,” for example.

真理部散布谎言。
The Ministry of Truth spreads lies.

友爱部折磨恋人。
The Ministry of Love tortures lovers.

奥威尔是英国人,但是他的这本书多年来一直受到世界各地读者的欢迎。
Orwell was British, but the book has been popular with readers around the world for many years.

当前在新墨西哥州的展览叫做“乔治·奥威尔:他的不朽的遗产”。
The current show in New Mexico is called George Orwell: His Enduring Legacy.

展览包括与《1984年》相关的海报和其他新闻报道。
It includes posters and other pieces related to 1984.

也有与他的另一部著名著作《动物农场》有关的物品。
It also has objects related to another of his famous books, Animal Farm.

该展览将在位于阿尔伯克基的新墨西哥州大学齐默尔曼图书馆举行,展览一直到持续到(明年)4月。
The show will be at the University of New Mexico’s Zimmerman Library in Albuquerque until April.

此前,该大学的一位教授将自己收集的多本奥威尔罕有著作赠予大学图书馆。
It was launched after a professor at the school donated his collection of rare Orwell books.

其中包括《动物庄园》及其各种译本的初版。译本包括冰岛语、乌克兰语、斯瓦希里语、法语、乌尔都语、德语、匈牙利语和西班牙语等版本。
They include first editions of Animal Farm and Animal Farm in Icelandic, Ukrainian, Swahili, French, Urdu, German, Hungarian and Spanish.

这些不同语言版本的书籍展示了奥威尔受众之广。
The books in different languages show how many people Orwell reached.

多年来,读者一直认为,奥威尔在他们所处的时代仍然很重要。
Readers throughout the years have argued that Orwell remains relevant in their time.

他们说,真实的新闻报道展示了人们是如何使用奥威尔所谓的“双重说话”的。“双重说话”指的是那些本就模糊不清的语言。
They say real news stories show how people use what Orwell called “doublespeak” – words that are supposed to be unclear.

或者使用“犯罪思想”,那些不允许政府官员或群众说出来的想法。
Or “thoughtcrimes,” ideas that government officials or crowds of people say should not be permitted.

在今天的美国,唐纳德·特朗普总统的某些语言被称为“奥威尔现象”。
In the U.S. today, some of President Donald Trump’s language has been called “Orwellian."

例如,在土耳其袭击该国的库尔德人口中心之后,特朗普说:“现在库尔德人更安全了。”
For example, after Turkey attacked Kurdish population centers in the country, Trump said, “The Kurds are much safer right now.”

特朗普执政期间,《1984年》一书再次成为美国的畅销书。
During Trump’s time in office, the book 1984 has become a best-seller in the U.S. again.

凯利·简·凯利。
I’m Kelly Jean Kelly.