Some和Any的区别
Some or Any?

Some和Any的区别

Some or Any?

00:00

Some和Any的区别

Some or Any?

2019-11-04

本周我们将回答艾瑞提出的一个问题:Some和Any的区别。


这周,我们回答来自艾瑞的问题。
This week, we answer a question from Eri.

艾瑞写到:
Eri writes:

你好,美国之音英语学习栏目。我想知道“any”和“some”的用法。
“Hi, VOA Learning English. I want to know how to use ‘any’ and ‘some.’”

亲爱的艾瑞,
Dear Eri,

似乎说英语的人经常以完全相同的方式使用any和some这两个词。
It often seems like English speakers use the words ‘any’ and ‘some’ in exactly the same way.

人们用这两个词来描述某物的数量,但通常不是确切的数量。
People use both words to describe an amount of something, but usually not an exact amount.

另外,“any”和“some”经常出现在相似的句子或问题中。
Also, ‘any’ and ‘some’ often appear in similar sentences or questions.

例如,
For example,

假设在学校,你的老师让全班同学开始写一篇作文。
let us say you are at school and your teacher tells the class to start working on a writing project.

你的朋友以两种方式问你:
Your friend turns to you and asks a question in one of two ways:

“Do you have any paper?”或者“Do you have some paper?”
“Do you have any paper?” or “Do you have some paper?”

在这两种情况下,你的朋友都是没有纸张来完成这项任务,他们会问你是否有多余的纸张。
In both cases, your friend does not have the paper needed to do the work and is asking if you have extra paper they can use.

但他们并没有要求具体数量的纸,比如一张、两张甚至三张。
But they are not asking for an exact amount of paper, like one or two or even three pieces.

“any”和“some”最大的区别在于,你在问题中使用哪个单词取决于你给出的答案。
The biggest difference between ‘any’ and ‘some’ is that the word you use in your answer depends on the kind of answer you will give.

假设你在开学时买了很多纸,这样的话,你就有多余的纸可以和朋友分享。
Let us say you bought a lot of paper at the start of the school year, so you do have extra that you can share with your friend.

在这种情况下,你要做一个肯定的陈述。
In this case, you will make a positive statement.

你回答说:“有,我还有一些纸。给你!”
You say: “Yes, I have some. Here you go!”

但是,我们假设你先前已经把剩余的纸分给了其他同学,现在没有更多的纸可以分享了。
However, let us say you already gave the extra paper you once had to other classmates and you have no more to share.

在这种情况下,你会做一个否定的陈述。
In this case, you will make a negative statement.

你回答说:“没有了,我没有多余的纸了。不好意思!”
You say: “No, I do not have any. Sorry!”

但是在一种肯定句中,你可以使用“any”。
But there is one kind of positive statement you can make using the word ‘any.’

那就是,当有人问你一个问题,而对你来说,给出确切的答案并不重要也不容易。
That is when someone asks you a question and it is not important or easy for you to give an exact answer.

例如,
For example,

假设你的老师想让你写下自己的兴趣爱好。
let us say your teacher wants you to write about your interests.

所以他或她问你:“你最喜欢的是什么电影?”
So he or she asks you: “What is your favorite movie?”

你想来想去,但是没想出你最喜欢哪部电影。
You think and think, but cannot think of one you like more than others.

这时你可以回答:“Any movie that has action in it!”( “任何动作电影!)
So you answer with: “Any movie that has action in it!”

以上就是本期《名师答疑》的全部内容。
And that’s Ask A Teacher!

皮特·莫斯特为您播报。
I’m Pete Musto.