单词Set和Settle的区别
How are Set and Settle Different?

单词Set和Settle的区别

How are Set and Settle Different?

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单词Set和Settle的区别

How are Set and Settle Different?

2019-07-26

本周我们将回答来自伊朗沙拉姆的问题:settle和-set这两个词的意思。这两个词可能看起来很相似,但二者都有不同的意思。两者都可以用作名词或动词。


本周我们将回答来自伊朗沙拉姆的问题。他写道:
This week we answer a question from Shahram in Iran. He writes:

“嗨。我想知道settle和-set这两个词的意思。”
"Hi. I want to know about the meaning of the words ‘settle’ and ‘-set.’"

亲爱的沙拉姆,这两个词可能看起来很相似,但二者都有不同的意思。
Dear Shahram,the two words may look similar, but each has a different meaning.

两者都可以用作名词或动词。
Both can be used either as a noun or as a verb.

我们从单词“set”开始。
We begin with the word "set."

set的名词形式是指一组相似的东西,它们属于同一组。
The noun form of "set" means a group of similar things that belong together.

例如一套茶具,一套茶具是指一组用来盛茶的杯子和盘子。
Take, for example, a tea set, which is a group of cups and dishes used for serving tea.

set的动词形式有很多不同的含义:韦氏英语词典列出了单个动词的17个含义,
The verb form of "set" has many different meanings: Merriam Webster Learner’s Dictionary lists 17 meanings alone for the single verb,

另外还有30个带有set的动词短语。
and another 30 phrasal verbs with "set."

幸好,您现在不需要担心这些。
Luckily, you do not need to worry about all of those now.

一般来说,动词“set”的意思是“把(某物)放在一个地方或位置上”。
Generally speaking, the verb "set" means "to put (something) in a place or position."

这个单词总是有一个作用的对象,一个接受动词动作的单词。
It always has an object, a word that receives the action of the verb.

看两个例子:
Here are two examples:

苏珊进办公室时总是把钱包放在桌子下面。
Susan always sets her purse under the desk when she comes into the office.

接受动作的对象是“钱包”。
The object is "purse."

拉里出门时把帽子戴在头上。
Larry set his hat on his head as he walked out the door.

接受动作的对象是“帽子”。
The object is "hat."

我们也可以谈论文学作品或戏剧的时候用到“set”在一个地方,意思是故事发生在那里。
We also can talk about a literary work or a play being "set" in a place, which means the story happens there.

《大小谎言》一书以澳大利亚为故事背景。
The book Big Little Lies is set in Australia.

set的另一个意思是为使用做准备。
Another meaning of "set" is to make something ready for use.

小时候,我的工作之一就是“摆好餐具”。
As a child, one of my jobs was to "set the table."

这意味着把盘子、杯子和银器在桌子上摆好,每个人都有一套餐具使用。
This meant putting the dishes, cups, and silverware out around the table, with one "set" for each person.

“set”的最后一个意思;你会听到人们说到“setting a clock(设置时钟)”,也就是说,确保时钟时间正确。
And, one last meaning of "set" for now; you will hear people talk about "setting a clock," that is, to make sure the clock has the correct time.

现在我们来看“settle”这个词。
Now we turn to the word "settle."

“settle”的名词形式曾经表示长椅子,但现在我们不再使用这个意思了。
The noun form of "settle" once meant a long seat or bench, but we no longer use that definition these days.

相反,让我们来了解一下其动词形式的三种意思。
Instead let me give you three meanings of the verb form.

第一个是通过达成协议来结束讨论或争论。
The first one is to end a discussion or an argument by reaching an agreement.

今天我必须解决班上两个男孩之间的一场争斗。
I had to settle a fight between two boys in class today.

我们也用settle来谈论付钱。
We also use "settle" to talk about paying money.

吃完晚饭后,我为我的家人结账。
After dinner, I settled the restaurant bill for my family.

另一个意思是搬到一个地方,使这个地方成为你的家。
One more meaning is to move to a place and make it your home.

这对年轻夫妇在纽约的一所小房子里安顿下来。
The young couple settled in a small house in New York.

一个相关的动词短语是“settle down”,意思是安静下来,或者通过结婚和有一份全职工作开始过平静的生活。
A related phrasal verb is "settle down," which can mean to get quiet, or to begin living a quiet life by getting married and having a full-time job.

纳斯林是个放荡不羁的孩子,但她结婚后就安定下来了。
Nasrin was a wild child but she settled down after getting married.

婴儿喝完他的奶瓶后平静地睡着了。
The baby settled down to sleep after drinking his bottle.

我希望这些例子能帮助你理解set和settle这两个词之间的区别。
I hope these examples help to settle your mind about the differences between the words "set" and "settle."

以上是今天名师答疑的全部内容。
And that’s Ask a Teacher!

吉尔·罗宾斯为您播报。
I’m Jill Robbins.