巴西的波索那罗执政期间,亚马逊森林砍伐现象日趋严重
Amazon Deforestation Rising Under Brazil’s Bolsonaro

巴西的波索那罗执政期间,亚马逊森林砍伐现象日趋严重

Amazon Deforestation Rising Under Brazil’s Bolsonaro

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巴西的波索那罗执政期间,亚马逊森林砍伐现象日趋严重

Amazon Deforestation Rising Under Brazil’s Bolsonaro

2019-06-09

上个月,巴西的亚马逊热带雨林在以10年来最快的速度损失树木。专家们指责,总统贾伊尔·波索那罗对环境保护政策的放松助长了非法伐木者的活动。


上个月,巴西的亚马逊热带雨林在以10年来最快的速度损失树木。
Last month, the Amazon rainforest in Brazil lost trees at the fastest rate in 10 years.

专家们指责,总统贾伊尔·波索那罗对环境保护政策的放松助长了非法伐木者的活动。
And experts blame activity by illegal loggers, who are helped by the easing of environmental protections under President Jair Bolsonaro.

亚马逊是世界上最大的雨林,覆盖八个南美洲国家的部分地区。
The Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest covering parts of eight South American countries.

近三分之二的森林位于巴西。
Nearly two-thirds of the forest lies in Brazil.

巴西国家空间研究院INPE表示,DETER早期预警卫星系统记录5月份 739平方公里的森林遭到破坏。
The Brazilian space research institute, INPE, said the DETER early-warning satellite system registered deforestation of 739 square kilometers of the forest in May.

这是该地区雨季后为期三个月的采伐季的开始。
It happened at the start of a three-month logging season following the area’s rainy season.

砍伐量比去年5月增加了约200平方公里,
The numbers are up by about 200 square kilometers from last May.

超过两年前已知森林砍伐面积的2倍。
And more than two times the deforestation found two years earlier.

克劳迪奥·阿尔梅达周二警告称:“如果这种上升趋势继续下去,亚马逊森林的状况可能会变得很糟糕。”
“If this upward trend continues, we could have a bad year for the Amazon forest,” Claudio Almeida warned on Tuesday.

阿尔梅达负责INPE的卫星监测项目。
He heads the INPE’s satellite monitoring program.

他补充道:“这将取决于未来的两个关键月份中那里会有多少警务。”
Almeida added, “It will depend on how much policing there is in the next two critical months.”

环保人士表示,波索那罗执政的5个月内解散了支持保护环境的机构。
Environmentalists said Bolsonaro’s five-month-old government has taken apart agencies that support conservation, or protecting the environment.

在1月份波索那罗就职时,该国的环保机构就失去了权力。
The country’s environmental protection agency lost authority when Bolsonaro took office in January.

林业委员会被移交给由农业支持者主管的农业部。
The forestry commission was moved to the Agriculture Ministry, which is run by farm industry supporters.

马尔西奥·阿斯特里尼在巴西的绿色和平组织工作。
Marcio Astrini works for the environmental group Greenpeace in Brazil.

他称新政府“反环保”。
He called the new government “anti-environmental.”

表示,政府没有打击森林砍伐的计划,他还反而推动降低森林保护程度。
He said it has pushed to lower forest protections without a plan to fight deforestation.

阿斯特里尼说:“有了波索那罗的支持,那些毁坏森林的人会感到安全,而那些保护森林的则会觉得受到威胁。”
“With Bolsonaro, people who destroy forests feel safe and those who protect forests feel threatened,” Astrini said.

波索那罗的环境部长里卡多·萨雷斯告诉路透社,巴西仍然像往常一样致力于保护森林。
Bolsonaro’s Environment Minister Ricardo Salles told Reuters that Brazil remains as committed as ever to protecting the forests.

萨雷斯争论,称DETER卫星系统得到的数字具有误导性。
Salles disputed the numbers from DETER satellite system as misleading.

但他本周否定了一份报纸的报道称这一系统可以被一家私营公司的系统所取代。
But he denied a newspaper report this week that it could be replaced by one run by a private company.

他说,“我们不会删除任何东西。
He said, “We are not going to remove anything.

我们会增加更多。”
We are going to add more.”

萨雷斯表示,政府将聘请一家能够实时或随时进行高分辨率图像处理的公司。
Salles said the government will hire a company that can do high resolution images in real time, or as they take place.

他称,这将有助于执行行动变得“更有效”。
He said that will help enforcement operations be “more effective.”

政府将会在今年晚些时候核实DETER的早期数据能否通过更精确的卫星系统PRODES的检验。
Officials will watch to see if the early numbers from DETER is confirmed later this year by a more accurate satellite program called PRODES.

2018年7月以前12个月的PRODES成像显示,巴西的亚马逊地区有7,900平方公里的森林遭到破坏。
PRODES imaging for the 12 months through July 2018 showed that 7,900 square kilometers of forest were cleared in Brazil’s Amazon.

尽管如此,在巴西发起抗击伐木运动之前,森林砍伐量仍远低于21世纪初的水平。
Still, deforestation remains well below levels in the early 2000s, before Brazil launched a campaign to fight logging.

例如,在2004年,超过27,000平方公里的森林遭到破坏,相当于像海地这样的国家大小。
In 2004, for example, more than 27,000 square kilometers were cleared, an area the size of the nation Haiti.

安妮·鲍尔报道。
I’m Anne Ball.