哪种钻石更环保?
Which Kind of Diamond Is Better for the Environment?

哪种钻石更环保?

Which Kind of Diamond Is Better for the Environment?

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哪种钻石更环保?

Which Kind of Diamond Is Better for the Environment?

2019-05-14

实验室生产钻石的公司表示,他们的方式更加道德,对地球环境的危害更小。


哪种钻石对环境以及我们生活的世界更好?是传统矿场里出现的钻石还是实验室里制造出来的钻石?
Which kind of diamond is better for the environment and the world we live in: a diamond from a traditional mine or one made in a laboratory?

最近的一些报告显示,这个答案可能并不那么明确。
Some recent reports suggest the answer may not be so clear.

至少,这些报告提供了证据,证明了钻石行业两大领域之间关系紧张。
At the very least, these reports provide evidence of tensions between two different sectors of the diamond industry.

实验室生产钻石的公司表示,他们的方式更加道德,对地球环境的危害更小。
Lab-grown diamond companies say they are more ethical and cause less harm to Earth’s environment.

传统钻石行业指出,他们的生意对他们所经营矿山的社区带来了一定的益处。
The traditional diamond sector notes that its businesses help the communities where they operate mines.

他们提供就业机会,帮助修建道路和其他基础设施,并且投资环保。
It says they provide jobs, help build roads and other infrastructure and make investments in conservation.

一些公司,如德比尔斯,在这两个领域都有所涉及。
Some companies, such as De Beers, work on both sides.

戴比尔斯既出售天然钻石,还出售人造钻石。
De Beers sells natural and man-made diamonds.

在美国,联邦贸易委员会在调查虚伪或误导性的和带有广告性质的报道。
In the United States, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) investigates reports of deceptive, or misleading, advertising.

今年4月,该委员会向八家在实验室生产钻石的公司发出了警告信。
In April, the commission sent warning letters to eight lab-grown diamond companies.

联邦贸易委员会担心的一个问题是,“环保”等类似术语被用来形容实验室里生产出来的钻石。
One of the FTC’s concerns was the use of the word ‘eco-friendly,’ and similar terms, to describe diamonds made in a laboratory.

实验室生产钻石的过程需要很高的温度,并且会耗费大量的能量。
The lab-grown process requires very high temperatures and uses a lot of energy.

Trucost是一家评估自然资源使用成本的公司。
Trucost is a company that estimates the costs of using natural resources.

在钻石生产商协会的要求下,Trucost研究了这个问题,发现天然钻石的碳强度低于实验室生产的钻石。
Asked by the Diamond Producers Association to study the issue, Trucost found the carbon intensity of natural diamonds was lower than lab-grown diamonds.

Trucost的报告指出,钻石开采商应该通过使用更多的可再生能源来减少他们对环境的影响,比如风能和太阳能。
The Trucost report did note that diamond miners should reduce their effect on the environment by using more renewable energy, such as wind power and sunlight.

路透社报道称,国际培育钻石协会没有立即回应记者的置评请求。
The Reuters news agency reported that the International Grown Diamond Association did not immediately respond to requests for comments about the story.

苏珊·尚德报道。
I’m Susan Shand.